That part of it which arrives as a beam of parallel rays is referred to as direct solar radiation, and that which is scattered in the atmosphere and reaches the earth's surface from all directions of the sky is called diffuse solar radiation. Both of them are reflected back into the atmosphere when they reach the earth's surface, and this third type of radiation is defined as reflected radiation.
All of these radiations differ from solar radiation arriving at the upper level of the atmosphere in intensity as well as in spectral composition although they all fall within the spectral region of solar radiation.
Radiation penetration theory and a test case. Oker-Blom P Penumbral effects of within-plant and between-plant shading on radiation distribution and leaf photosynthesis: A Monte Carlo simulation. Oker-Blom P a The influence of penumbra on the distribution of direct solar radiation in a canopy of Scots pine. Oker-Blom P b Photosynthesis of a Scots pine shoot: simulation of the irradiance distribution and photosynthesis of a shoot in different radiation fields.
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The radiation regime and architecture of plant stands
Ross J Radiative transfer in plant communities. In: Monteith JL ed Vegetation and the atmosphere. Ross J The radiation regime and architecture of plant stands. Ross J, Nilson T A mathematical model of the radiation regime of vegetation. In: Pyldmaa VK ed Actinometry and atmospheric optics. J Appl. Smolander H, Lappi J Integration of a nonlinear function in a changing environment: estimating photosynthesis using mean and variance of radiation. Terashima I, Saeki T A new model for leaf photosynthesis incorporating the gradients of light environment and of photosynthetic properties of chloroplasts within a leaf.
Thornley JHM Mathematical models in plant physiology.
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In atmospheric physics these types of radiation are known as short-wave radiation SWR as distinguished from long-wave or irifrared radiation L WR emitted by the atmosphere and the earth's surface. Other books in this series. Quantitative approaches to phytogeography Pier Luigi Nimis. Add to basket. Physiological ecology of plants of the wet tropics Ernesto Medina.
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