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The conjunction between the sacramental signs and the substance of Christ's body is 'sacramental', not ontological Calvin Therefore, when we participate in the Sacrament, we are bidden to lift up our hearts sursum corda and to seek Christ in heaven beyond the sacramental signs Calvin , , In this way, Calvin maintains an ontological distinction between Christ and us in the spiritual, personal and dynamic union with Christ. This seems to disapprove the idea that the intrinsic divine life flows to us through the channel of Christ's humanity in our union with him.

Calvin's doctrine of justification. Calvin's doctrine of justification, a representative salvific gift conferred on the believers in their union with Christ, shows that the reception of the substance of Christ's body in the Lord's Supper is, in its reality, the same as the reception of the salvific grace that Christ acquired in his body.

Partaking in Divine Nature: Deification and Communion - Paul M. Collins - Google книги

For Calvin , justification is God's juridical act of judging the believers as righteous solely on the basis of Christ's righteousness that is imputed to them in their union with him. This imputed righteousness of Christ in the believers' justification is not the divine essential righteousness as Osiander teaches.

Instead, it is a righteousness he acquired by his obedience in his humanity to the Father through his whole life from his birth to death Calvin , ; cf. Venema Calvin's direct answers to the three aspects of the framework behind Eastern Orthodox theosis are given in his refutation of Osiander's teaching of justification.

The theological heart of Calvin's refutation of Osiander's teaching of justification is his Lutheran idea of the communicatio idiomatum. Osiander's fallacies on justification - the infusion of Christ's essential righteousness to the believers Calvin , ; Weis , the confusion of justification and sanctification Calvin ; Vainio ; Weis and the essential union between Christ and the believers Calvin - are derived from his Christological presupposition that Christ's human nature is mingled with his divine nature.

In the mingling of the human nature and the divine nature, Christ himself became righteous by divine righteousness. And in our essential union with Christ, we are also made righteous by the divine righteousness Garcia ; McCormack ; cf. Calvin , In contradistinction of this teaching of Osiander, Calvin insists on the distinction between Christ's divine nature and his human nature in the hypostatic union: the Holy Spirit is involved in the hypostatic union as the theological safeguard for preserving the distinction between Christ's two natures Garcia The Holy Spirit also becomes the bond of our union with Christ, so that the ontological distinction between Christ and us can be preserved within the union Calvin , Therefore, our union with Christ does not bring about the infusion of the divine essential righteousness to us.

Rather, as we are ontologically distinguished from Christ within the intimate union with him, his acquired righteousness, whilst it truly belongs to us in the context of our union with Christ, properly remains his own, that is, extra nos Calvin ; Garcia Calvin's own ideas about the three aspects of the framework behind Eastern Orthodox theosis seem to incapacitate any support of the idea of theosis as participation in the intrinsic divine life. Calvin's rejection of the direct communication of properties from Christ's divinity to his humanity renders impossible the theosis of Christ's humanity cf.

McCormack ; McDonnell ; Slater This impossibility is the basis of proponents of theosis in Calvin's theology.

Furthermore, Calvin's view of the spiritual and personal union with Christ guarantees the ontological distinction between Christ and us. This ontological distinction disapproves the idea that the intrinsic divine life flows to us through the channel of Christ's humanity in our union with him cf.

McClean ; McCormack And it follows from Calvin's doctrine of justification that for him, the blessing conferred on the believers in their union with Christ is that which Christ acquired through his salvific work in his humanity, not that which peculiarly belongs to Christ's divinity. Therefore, it can be reasonably concluded that as far as theosis is construed as the believers' participation in the intrinsic divine life, mediated by Christ's humanity in their union with Christ, it is hard to hold that Calvin teaches theosis.

This conclusion agrees with McCormack who notes that the participation in the life which is proper to God is, 'by definition, a participation in something that is essential to God'.

Partaking in Divine Nature : Deification and Communion

Scholars who affirm Calvin's doctrine of theosis do not neglect Calvin's emphasis on the Creator-creature distinction: Calvin's idea of theosis as participation in the life proper to God does not imply that humans are made ontologically equal with God. But it is questionable whether the participation in the uncreated divine life does not imply participation in something that is essential to God. Lee and Mosser take note of the similarity to the Palamite idea of the divine essence-energies distinction in Calvin's statements b, , in which he draws a distinction between God's 'essence' and his 'kind or quality'.

They state that Palamite idea of the divine essence-energies distinction is the motivation behind Calvin's emphasis on the Creator-creature distinction, which is kept even in believers' participation in God. However, the Palamite idea of the divine essence-energies distinction remains a point of criticism amongst several Western theologians. McCormack doubts the validity of the distinction because the Orthodox affirmation of the participation in the uncreated divine life cannot escape to imply the participation in something that is essential to God.

The Christian ecumenical movement underlies rereading of Calvin's theology through the lens of the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of theosis. The importance of the visible unity of the churches is undeniable. The endeavour to strengthen the unity of the churches in faith and order must be encouraged as a decisive mission of the churches. Given Calvin's significant position in the Church History as a leading figure of the Reformed tradition, the Christian ecumenical movement would be reinforced by the assimilation of his theology with the Eastern Orthodox doctrine of theosis.

As McCormack cautions, failing to do justice to the full dimensions of Calvin's theology in order not to offend other churches 'short-circuits the very valuable contribution that Calvin could make' to the ecumenical dialogue. The author declares that he has no financial or personal relationships that may have inappropriately influenced them in writing this article.

Allen, R. Calvin, J. McNeill ed.


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McClelland eds. McCormack, B. The crisis of Protestantism in the west', in M. Trier eds. Hall ed. McDonnell, K. Meyendorff, J. George Lawrence, 2nd edn. Mosser, C. Knight, rev.

Ollerton, A. Palamas, G. Meyendorff ed. Veniamin ed. Partee, C. Russell, N. Vladimir's Theological Quarterly 50 4 , Slater, J. Vainio, O. Venema, C. Weis, J. Correspondence : Sung Park heenduru hotmail. Received: 22 Sept. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License. Services on Demand Article. English pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation. Access statistics. Through the writings of Karl Barth and John Zizioulas, Collins creates an ecumenical dialogue about Trinitarian thought.

During the last decade the doctrine of the Trinity and the concept of koinonia have been much in evidence in ecumenical contexts. Collins looks beyond the growing ecumenical consensus to examine the origin for the basis for the consensus, and suggests that it is possible to root it in Western thought as well as in Eastern Orthodoxy. Denomination : assessing an ecclesiological category by Paul M Collins 9 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide The term "denomination" is now widely used to describe a Christian community or church.

But what is a 'denomination'? In this highly creative collection of essays representatives of all major Christian traditions give an answer to this question. What does the term mean in their own tradition?

The Essence-Energy Distinction

And does that tradition understand itself to be a 'denomination'? If so, what is that understanding of 'denomination'; and if not, how does the tradition understand itself vis a vis those churches which do and those churches which do not understand themselves as 'denominations'? In dialogue with the argument and ideas set forth in Barry Ensign-George's essay each essay offers a response from the perspective of a particular church tradition. Receiving "The nature and mission of the church" : ecclesial reality and ecumenical horizons for the twenty-first century Book 6 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Paul Collins and Michael Fahey present a collection of responses to The Nature and Mission of the Church, a major study on Ecclesiology published by the World Council of Churches in The study seeks to express common convictions about the Church's nature and mission, and to identify the ecclesiological issues which continue to divide the various branches of the Christian Church today.

Stemming from a wide denominational and geographical range of contributors the responses offer doctrinal, theological and hermeneutical perspectives and analysis on the study's formation and content. The book also provides a valuable consideration of the ecumenical ramifications posed and the development of ecumenical ecclesiology in general.

This presents a rich and diverse assessment of the issues at hand and strong focus on the future of ecclesiology. Christian community now : ecclesiological investigations by Paul M Collins Book 5 editions published in in English and held by 93 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. Context, culture and worship : the quest for "Indian-ness" by Paul M Collins Book 5 editions published in in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide.

The church and culture in India, inculturation : theory and praxis by Ecclesiological Investigations International Conference Book 2 editions published in in English and held by 29 WorldCat member libraries worldwide Papers presented at the 2nd Ecclesiological Investigations International Conference, organized by the Chair for Christian Studies and Research, University of Calicut and the Institute of Theology, Trichur; held at Calicut and Trichur during Jan.

The divine fellowship of love in the relationality of the godhead in the 'Church dogmatics' of Karl Barth by Paul M Collins Book 3 editions published in in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide. The divine fellowship of love : a study in the relationality of the godhead in the church dogmatics of Karl Barth by Paul M Collins Book 4 editions published in in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide This study examines the concept of the relationality of the Godhead in the Church Dogmatics of Karl Barth through a discussion of the claim that Barth's use of the terminology of the Cappadocian fathers sets his enterprise within the context of the Orthodox tradition.

This entails the examination of three correlating concepts : event, revelation and Trinity.