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The lowest-priced item that has been used or worn previously. The item may have some signs of cosmetic wear, but is fully operational and functions as intended. This item may be a floor model or store return that has been used. See details for description of any imperfections. Skip to main content. The listing you're looking for has ended. Palenque by Kops, Deborah-ExLibrary. Very Good. View original item. Sell one like this. The discovery was made when a small pipe was collected from Pompeii and analyzed. What it revealed could prove that the citizens were doomed even before the volcano erupted.
Mixed into the lead was antimony, an acutely poisonous chemical. Unlike lead, which accumulates and shows damage later, antimony quickly produces symptoms. The high levels in Pompeii's drinking water was enough to induce vomiting and diarrhea.
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Liver and kidney problems were the next to follow but more alarmingly, antimony can trigger cardiac arrest. This sort of water pollution is more viable as an element of Rome's downfall. Lead pipes' contamination also lasted briefly, ending when freshly installed lines eventually calcified. More research is needed to determine how much the deadly chemical affected Romans as a nation but one thing is certain - Pompeii received a double dose of antimony.
The city was near Mount Vesuvius and used the local groundwater. Antimony exists naturally in water close to volcanoes. Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. Hi Catherine. I'm addicted to archaeology, there are so many ancient riddles and wonders.
I always wonder sadly how many connections in this great puzzle are not made because the ancients do not receive enough credit for how advanced some nations were. I think archaeology is fascinating.
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- The tomb of Lord Pakal;
It always seems to show that ancient civilizations were a lot more advanced they they usually get credit for. You've done a great job giving credit where credit is due. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others. HubPages Inc, a part of Maven Inc. As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, owlcation.
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Ancient Mayans Likely Had Fountains and Toilets
Jana Louise Smit more. The Engraved Reservoir A massive water reservoir was found when archaeologists directed students during a dig in Israel. Oasis Highway In , efforts to expand a highway in Israel led to the discovery of a well that came with its own reservoir.
Maya City Of Tikal. The Big Water In life, the leader Pakal likely enjoyed a special status symbol - pressurized water.
Palenque | Ancient Origins
The Toftegard Shaft A controversial find occurred when archaeologists looked for pit houses in Denmark. Ancient Sediment Traps There is no doubt that soil erosion is seen as a negative environmental event. An Ancient System Still Active For thousands of years, people survived Iran's desert environment because of their aquatic engineering acumen.
Pompeii Had Toilets Upstairs Past archaeological studies done in Pompeii noted that nearly every home had a latrine. Toxic Plumbing Romans were masterful plumbers but unfortunately used lead pipes, a hazardous heavy metal. Questions must be on-topic, written with proper grammar usage, and understandable to a wide audience. Wonderful article.
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- Palenque: The Center of Maya’s Civilization?
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Some articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. This is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. You can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. The Maya were deeply tied to the soil. According to their mythology, the Gods created a human being from mixing maize with blood. Blood became the mortar of all Maya life and corn the sustenance. But the perception of the Maya as peace-loving astronomer-priests was dramatically altered by a discovery of Palenque in A Mexican archeologist Alberto Ruz had spent four years excavating the site.
He was fascinated by the city. Huge panels covered with hieroglyphs were everywhere, often illustrating scenes of religious ritual.
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Ruz was particularly intrigued by a pyramid, known as the temple of inscriptions. Its name came from three hieroglyphic tablets the East, the Central, and the West Tablet on the inner walls of the temple. They emphasize a simple idea — events which happened in the past will be repeated on the same calendar date.
At first glance, the structure of the temple of inscriptions appeared to be similar to pyramids found in Egypt. Unlike most Maya buildings, which were finished with stucco, the floor of the temple was made of tightly fitting flagstones. One of them had a peculiar row of holes running along its surface. It meant that something lay beneath. This excavation revealed an innocent-looking pile of rubble. It was then that Ruz saw the outline of a vaulted stairway. At the bottom of the 73 rd step, archeologist came upon a chamber. In its center was a large mysterious object covered by a limestone slab.
In the darkness lay the remains of a man adorned by pearls, beads, and a life-like Jade mask. The human remains in the crypt that Ruz had worked so hard to discover turned to be none other than the great king Pakal, one of the most important rulers in all of Maya history. The hieroglyphs spoke of vibrant and flourishing kingdoms.